Steve Staples, the former superintendent of York County Schools and the current VASS Executive Director, explained that other areas and organizations throughout Virginia, as well as the nation, are concerned about the standardized testing.
“The momentum is growing in the state to revamp the system as many more school boards are considering adopting resolutions, major education organizations in the state are organizing to promote these changes together, local chambers of commerce are considering their own resolutions, and members of the General Assembly are beginning to listen,” he said.
“We are seeing similar rejections of the over-use of testing in other states across the country – states like Texas and Connecticut.”
The Virginia Department of Education (VDOE) developed the SOL testing, which focuses on English, math, science and history/social science, in 1998. That year, only two percent of the state’s schools met the standard for full accreditation. The percentage continued to increase through 2005, when 92 percent of Virginia schools passed the test. The VDOE stopped reporting statewide results in 2006, however it still posts the school report cards on its website.
The SOL testing was a primary focus when the No Child Left Behind Act, was signed into law by former President George W. Bush in 2001.
The No Child Left Behind Act was intended to give all children a fair and equal opportunity to obtain a higher quality education and prepare them for the future. In doing so, the U.S. Department of Education required that each state establish a timeline for the Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) in reading/language arts and mathematics, to ensure that all students with 12 years of schooling, starting with the 2001-2002 school year, meet the state’s standards.
The AYP also looked at the schools’ graduation rates.
The Annual Measurable Objectives (AMOs) replaced AYP in 2012, and, like AYP, also focused on reading and math scores in certain subgroups, such as economically disadvantaged, minorities, and mentally handicapped students.
Under the AMO requirements, schools must develop and implement improvement plans to raise the achievement of student subgroups not meeting annual objectives. Low-performing schools identified as “Priority and Focus” schools have to follow certain guidelines, such as convening a school leadership team that meets monthly and using Indistar, an online school improvement tool.
This past school year, New Kent, King William, and West Point schools were three of the 36 schools – out of 132 Virginia school divisions – that reached full accreditation based on SOL testing and AMOs.
King and Queen County's two elementary schools both achieved full accreditation, while the high school missed the mark in the subject of mathematics.
Central High School was one of 395 schools that received a rating of "Accredited with Warning."
According to the 2013-14 results released September 20, CHS scored an 81 in English, a 63 in mathematics, a 75 in history, and a 72 in science.
CHS received a provisional rating for its graduation and completion index (GCI).
A GCI of at least 85 is required for full accreditation and CHS scored an 84.
According to the VDOE, high schools are eligible for a provisional rating until 2015-16. After that, the schools with a GCI of less than 85 will be accredited with warning and must undergo an academic review.
Although a total of 77 percent of Virginia's 1,828 schools are fully accredited, the number of schools accredited with a warning nearly quadrupled this year and six schools have been denied accreditation because of chronically low achievement.
Frances Hubbard contributed to this story.
Martin can be reached by phone at 804-885-0040.