London (tfl.gov.uk/). The number one overseas destination is served by a vast and complex network of metros and suburban rail, with trams and buses for short hauls. The policy of British conservatives in government is to minimize public subsidies, so London's fares are much higher than in most other countries. But so are local taxis, so transit still looks good.
Central-city underground single-ticket fares are astronomical: $8 for just one stop, so individual tickets make no sense at all. Instead, use one of two options:
-- For short visits, use a Travel card: $15 for one day, off-peak for six zones, including Heathrow.
-- For longer stays, buy a stored-value "Oyster Card," including underground, "overground" local suburban rail (but not Heathrow or Gatwick trains), and buses. It cuts the single-ride price almost in half and the accumulated individual-ride charges automatically revert to a Travel Card rate if that's lower.
Paris (http://www.ratp.fr/en/). Like London, Paris is served by an extensive transit complex of Metro (subway/elevated), regional rail and bus service. Within the central area, Metro/bus tickets cost about $2.50 each or 10 for $19.
When you arrive at Charles de Gaulle Airport, catch the regional rail RATP (single ticket about $14 to central Paris). At Orly Airport, take the people-mover to Anthony, a suburban rail station near Orly, then RATP ($16 single ticket)
If you want to move around a lot, buy a Paris Visite all-day pass, $17 for one day to $53 for five days in the central area, $32 to $83, including de Gaulle. Also consider Navigo Decouverte, $36 to $55 for a calendar week (Monday through Sunday); requires photo.
Rome (rome.info/transportation/). Rome's metro system isn't as well developed as those in London or Paris, but it serves some of the main areas, and buses and trams do the rest.
When you arrive at Fiumicino Airport, hop an Airport Express, $14 to the central rail station.
To get around, individual tickets for metro, tram or bus cost $1.40 for up to 75 minutes of riding. Passes cost $5.50 for one day, $15 for three days, or $22 for a week.
Other areas. I've used public transit just about everywhere I've been that had transit service at the time, including Asia (Bangkok, Beijing, Dubai, Hong Kong, Osaka, Tokyo) and Western Europe (most big cities), plus Bogota, Budapest, Buenos Aires, Istanbul, Krakow, Melbourne, Moscow, Rio, St. Petersburg and Sydney. Even in countries that use a non-Latin alphabet, most systems issue system maps and post station names in the Latin alphabet along with the local language. Many of these systems make recorded station announcements in English, as well as the local language. And most big and even midsize world cities now have direct rail airport access.
All in all, I've never encountered a problem in using local transportation. You can download maps and buy some tickets and passes online in advance of arrival. Also, many systems now provide apps for iPhone and other smart devices. There's really no reason not to use transit. Don't be intimidated; just go for it.
(Send e-mail to Ed Perkins at eperkins(at)mind.net. Perkins' new book for small business and independent professionals, "Business Travel When It's Your Money," is now available through http://www.mybusinesstravel.com or http://www.amazon.com)
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