Tips for protecting yourself and your belongings from fire and theft at hotels.

Fires can happen anywhere, including hotels. But guests can reduce their own risk by following fire safety tips. (Jason Plotkin / Associated Press)

When my husband and I checked into the Dupont Plaza Hotel in San Juan, Puerto Rico, nearly 30 years ago, he assessed it this way: "What a dump." He was right. There were no smoke detectors and no sprinklers. We weren't terribly concerned because we figured the odds of such a thing were low.

We were wrong.

Two weeks later, on Dec. 31, 1986, a fire at that hotel killed 97 people in 12 minutes. In the casino, gamblers burned to death, seated in their chairs. One hundred forty people were injured. The blaze, set by disgruntled hotel workers, is one of the most catastrophic in hotel history.

In 1990, Congress passed the Hotel and Motel Fire Safety Act "to save lives and protect property by promoting fire and life safety in hotels, motels and other places of public accommodation." Now, U.S. guest rooms in hotels and motels must be equipped with hard-wired, single-station smoke detectors and an automatic sprinkler system, with a sprinkler head to comply with National Fire Protection Assn. standards.

Even with federal safety regulations, how do you know the hotel you're checking into is safe from fire and from theft?

Hotel fires occur with greater frequency than many people realize, said Paul Rouse, chief administrative officer and fire safety expert at Guardian Safety Solutions International. To protect yourself, you must be prepared.

Rouse's fire safety tips for travelers:

Be sure your hotel or motel is equipped with automatic sprinklers and fire alarms. This is especially important for trips outside the country, where strict U.S. standards may not apply.

Review the evacuation map posted on the back of your room door. If it is not posted, request one from the front desk.

Locate the exits nearest your room.

Count the number of doors between your room and the exits. This might help in case of an emergency evacuation.

Pack a small flashlight.

If there is a fire, feel your room door. If it's hot, keep the door closed and seal it with wet towels. Call 911 and tell the operator which hotel room you are in; signal from your window.

Break the window if you have to.

Always use a stairwell and not an elevator.

Personal security expert Robert Siciliano and Mike Kelly, chief executive of On Call International (a company that helps travelers with emergency travel assistance), offer these general hotel safety tips:

When you're checking in, if the desk clerk blurts out your room number so others can hear, quietly request a new room.

Ask for a room facing the street or overlooking a swimming pool or other activity areas. The likelihood of being easily spotted may deter someone from climbing in your window.

Have a bellhop take your bags to the room. Ask him to inspect the room before you enter, check under the beds, in the closets, in the shower, behind the curtains and anywhere else someone might be hiding. Check to be sure that all the locks are working properly.

If there is no bellhop, ask the manager to accompany you to your room. Or tell the desk to investigate immediately if you don't call within five minutes.